Sri Lanka - Sigiriya
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  • Sigiriya is located in the Matale District, Central Province in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. It is within the cultural triangle, which includes five of the eight world heritage sites in Sri Lanka.

    The Sigiriya rock is a hardened magma plug from an extinct and long-eroded volcano. It stands high above the surrounding plain, visible for miles in all directions. The rock rests on a steep mound that rises abruptly from the flat plain surrounding it. The rock itself rises approximately 370 m above sea level and is sheer on all sides, in many places overhanging the base.

    During King Kashyapa’s reign (477 to 495), Sigiriya was developed into a complex city and fortress. Most of the elaborate constructions on the rock summit and around it, including defensive structures, palaces, and gardens, date back to this period.

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    Sigiriya Rock - developed into a city and fortress by King Kashyapa (AD477 - 495)
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    another angle
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    Start of the long ascent to the top of Sigiriya Rock
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    The existence of this platform suggests that it was once used!
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    Sigiriya Frescoes (cave paintings) part way up Sigiriya rock
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    The frescoes are believe to have been painted around the fifth century AD
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    From over 500 paintings, only about 22 female figures still remain
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    The frescoes are the only non-relgious old paintings in Sri Lanka
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    Behind this floating structure are the frescoes
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    Scaffolding - Sri Lanka style
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    The "Lion Gate" - marks the last climbing stretch to the top of the rock
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    The gardens of Sigiriya as seen from the summit of the rock. These are the oldest landscaped gardens in the world
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    Ruins at the summit
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    Boulder Gardens at the foot of the rock
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    Pool in the garden complex